1. The National Organ Transplant Act (NOTA), approved in 1984 and amended in 1988 and 1990, prohibited the sale of human organs for transplant.
2. The following federal agencies are involved to ensure oversight of the donation process:
3. The HOPE Act is also referred to as the HIV Organ Policy Equity Act.
4. The HOPE Act does not allow for transplants from HIV+ donors.
5. The Joint Commission does not require that hospitals have a written agreement with their Organ Procurement Organization (OPO) as part of their Transplant Safety Standard.
6. In 1968, the Uniform Law Commission (ULC) drafted model donation-related legislation known as the Uniform Anatomical Gift Act for state legislatures to pass.
7. Maryland’s donation statutes, while they were revised over time, were initially created from the draft model legislation developed by the Uniform Law Commission (ULC).
8. Maryland’s Revised Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (RUAGA) provides the following:
9. The American Association of Organ Procurement Organizations (AOPO):
10. The American Association of Tissue Banks (AATB) is dedicated to the leadership, education, service, research, and integrity involving tissue donation and transplantation practices.
11. The AATB accreditation program:
12. Best practices for cooperation in organ and tissue donation include such things as:
13. Notification is a key aspect of the donation process and recovery agencies should provide timely notification to funeral homes.
14. Disclosure to families regarding the donation process should include:
15. During the recovery process, Organ Procurement Organizations (OPO) commit to the following:
16. Each Organ Procurement Organization (OPO) should establish a policy regarding compensation of funeral directors should additional time and materials be required.
17. Support and communication are also key in best practices in the donation process and one factor related to this practice is that recovery agencies have an obligation to be mindful of the manner in which donation and its effect on the decedent are discussed with families.
18. The laws and best practices associated with the organ and tissue donation process support funeral directors by: